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HomeCyber SecurityIcedID Malware Adapts and Expands Risk with Up to date BackConnect Module

IcedID Malware Adapts and Expands Risk with Up to date BackConnect Module

Jul 28, 2023THNMalware / Cyber Risk

IcedID Malware

The menace actors linked to the malware loader often called IcedID have made updates to the BackConnect (BC) module that is used for post-compromise exercise on hacked programs, new findings from Workforce Cymru reveal.

IcedID, additionally known as BokBot, is a pressure of malware much like Emotet and QakBot that began off as a banking trojan in 2017, earlier than switching to the position of an preliminary entry facilitator for different payloads. Current variations of the malware have been noticed eradicating performance associated to on-line banking fraud to prioritize ransomware supply.

The BackConnect (BC) module, first documented by Netresec in October 2022, depends on a proprietary command-and-control (C2) protocol to trade instructions between a server and the contaminated host. The protocol, which comes with a VNC element for distant entry, has additionally been recognized in different malware such because the now-discontinued BazarLoader and QakBot.

In December 2022, Workforce Cymru reported the invention of 11 BC C2s energetic since July 1, 2022, noting that operators possible positioned in Moldova and Ukraine are overseeing distinct components of the BC protocol.

“For the previous a number of months, BackConnect visitors brought on by IcedID was simple to detect as a result of it occurred over TCP port 8080,” Palo Alto Networks Unit 42 stated in late Could 2023. “Nevertheless, as early as April 11, 2023, BackConnect exercise for IcedID modified to TCP port 443, making it more durable to search out.”

The most recent evaluation of the assault infrastructure from Workforce Cymru has revealed that the variety of BC C2s have shot up from 11 to 34 since January 23, 2023, with the typical uptime of a server considerably decreasing from 28 days to eight days.

“Since 11 April 2023, a complete of 20 excessive confidence BC C2 servers have been recognized, based mostly on pivots from administration infrastructure,” the cybersecurity agency stated in a report shared with The Hacker Information.

“The primary commentary is that the variety of concurrent C2 servers in operation has elevated […], with as many as 4 C2 servers receiving administration communications on a selected day.”

An additional examination of the visitors originating from BC C2 servers has uncovered as many as eight candidate victims between late April 2023 and June 2023 that “communicated with three or extra BC C2s over a comparatively lengthy time period.”


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It is also suspected that the identical IcedID operator or affiliate is accessing a number of victims throughout the identical time-frame, based mostly on the quantity of visitors noticed between the victims and the servers.

“In inspecting administration infrastructure related to IcedID BC, we’re additionally capable of discern a sample of a number of distinct accesses from customers we assess to be each related to the day after day operations of IcedID, and their associates who work together with sufferer hosts post-compromise,” Workforce Cymru stated.

“The proof in our NetFlow information means that sure IcedID victims are used as proxies in spamming operations, enabled by BC’s SOCKS capabilities. It is a potential double blow for victims, not solely are they compromised and incurring information / monetary loss, however they’re additionally additional exploited for the needs of spreading additional IcedID campaigns.”

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